Paul Klee had a huge influence on art and design. He gained success later in his life especially after his trip to Tunisia. Afterwards, he was "poetically transfigured" by colors. He says,"Color possess me. I don't have to pursue it. It will possess me always, I know it. That is the meaning of this happy hour: Color and I are one. I am a painter."(p 26) He uses a transendental feel and a dreamlike quality. He was interested in lines and color. He used primitive signs and symbols. He was also influenced by children's art and the unique quality children have as they relate to their world.
Paul Klee was born in Munchenbuchsee, Switzerland on December 18 1879. He came from a musical background. His parents were musicians. He enjoyed Bach andMozart. Paul played violin and he married Lily Stumpf, a pianist. She taught piano for a living. Paul chose painting over music but, music, certainly played a huge part in how Klee viewed his world and painting. For Paul, music parallels art. He applied many musical ideas to painting. Many of his paintings have playful, lyrical quality and rythm.
Initially he studied under Heirich Knirr and then at the Kunstakademie under Franz von Struck. At this time he was working on satirical etchings in Munich. There were several exhibitions. He was influenced by Alexej Jawlensky, Vasily Kandinsky, August Macke and Franz Marc. On his second trip to Paris he became influenced by Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso and Robert Delaunay. He helped found the Neve Muncher Secession in 1914. Paul's early works were black and white tonal painting. Tonality will be a huge issue especially with colors. He usually painted in layers of color.